Natural Selection Declared to be Deterministic!
Determinism is the general philosophical thesis that states that for everything that happens there are conditions such that, given them, nothing else could happen.-wikipedia
In a blog Jerry Coyne sez:
A brief correction first: natural selection is not a “random process.” It’s a process that combines the random production of mutations with the deterministic process of natural selection itself. I hope he understands that.
Yet we are also told by other evolutionary biologists that "natural selection" is a result of three processes, one requiring the other two to be true first-> (1)differential reproduction due to (2)heritable (3)[random] variation.
So natural selection combines not only the random production of mutation, but also the random nature of inheritance and the random nature of fecundity, and the result is natural selection.
But the kicker is it ain't all encompassing! That's right some outreproduce others "just because", which means natural selection is tough to pin down and even tougher to follow.
Not only that you could have any number of different/ competing beneficial traits.
The only thing "deterministic" about natural selection is the dead don't reproduce- so given death no more reproduction will happen, ie determinism.
Is that what you mean Jerry? That's some powerful stuff, yessiree...