Why English professor David Kellogg should stay out of scientific discussions
English professor David Kellogg seems to think the article refutes my claim that we do not know what is responsible for the vision system.
Comprehensive Analysis of Photoreceptor Gene Expression and the Identification of Candidate Retinal Disease Genes
The functional breakdown of the genes selectively expressed in rods is shown in Figure 3. We saw a broad spectrum of functional categories of rod-enriched genes (see Figure 3 legend for selected examples and Supplemental Table S10 for a full list of genes). We saw a number of uncharacterized putative zinc finger transcription factors only expressed in rods, along with a number of other more broadly expressed transcription factors and coactivators, such as ERRβ2, Sox11, and All, which showed strong enrichment in rods. We observed several mammalian homologs of Drosophila genes, such as muscleblind and nemo-like kinase, which have been implicated in later stages of photoreceptor development (Begemann et al. 1997; Choi and Benzer 1994 and Zeidler et al. 1999). We observed many protein kinases and phosphatases, along with a TNF family ligand and several potassium and calcium channel subunits.
For those who do not know, photoreceptors are cells (in the eye- the retina to be exact) that detect light.
The human eye has two types of photoreceptors- rods & cones. Rods do not discriminate among colors of light. Cones provide us with color vision.
With that said all the article is discussing is genes that are expressed in rods. Again rods are eukaryotic cells- cells with a nucleus- meaning they contain the same DNA that all other cells in your body contain in their nucleus. (red blood cells aren't really cells, they are "formed elements")
What the paper is discussing are the genes that are expressed in rods. That they are expressed in rods does not make them responsible for rods.
That distinction goes to the control genes- that is the genes that control and direct cellular differentiation.
IOW it appears that Kellogg, secondclass and a host of other anti-ID zealots do not have the first clue when it comes to biology.