Why a Paternal Family Tree is NOT a Nested Hierarchy- AGAIN!
Summary of the Principles of Hierarchy Theory:
With a paternal family tree the sets are determined by ONE AND ONLY ONE criterion- "who's your daddy?"
Hierarchical levels: levels are populated by entities whose properties characterize the level in question.
Note the word "properties".
Level of organization: this type of level fits into its hierarchy by virtue of set of definitions that lock the level in question to those above and below.
Note the words "set of definitions"
The ordering of levels: there are several criteria whereby other levels reside above lower levels.
Note the words "several criteria".
To re-iterarte- With a paternal family tree levels are determined by ONE and only ONE criterion- “Who’s your daddy?”
Nested and non-nested hierarchies: nested hierarchies involve levels which consist of, and contain, lower levels. Non-nested hierarchies are more general in that the requirement of containment of lower levels is relaxed. For example, an army consists of a collection of soldiers and is made up of them. Thus an army is a nested hierarchy. On the other hand, the general at the top of a military command does not consist of his soldiers and so the military command is a non-nested hierarchy with regard to the soldiers in the army. Pecking orders and a food chains are also non-nested hierarchies.
As I have already stated several times- a father is like the general. He is on the top of his particular family tree but does not consist of his family. Therefore the best a paternal family tree can hope for is a non-nested hierarchy.
That this point is even being debated just further exposes the anti-reality agenda of those who say a paternal family tree is a nested hierarchy. Only through ignorance can one make such a claim.
Can anyone find one example of a paternal family tree being passed off as a nested hierarchy by someone with a PhD in science?
Is there any data that shows a father can give rise to any family tree without the aid of a female? If you can't then the "paternal family tree" is just a sham because it is NOT indicative of any reality.
But then again those who make the claim don't deal with reality.