Intelligent Design and Evolution
Intelligent Design is the premise that organisms were designed to evolve and evolved by design. For an example see the weasel by Richard Dawkins. It is a targeted, ie goal-oriented, search. Take away the target from the program and it would never create the sentence desired.
In 1997 Dr. Spetner's book Not By Chance was published. In it he talked about cells having "built-in responses to environemntal cues", meaning the genetic changes were NOT all accidents/ chance/ happenstance events.
Now in the 21st century we have an evolutionist, James Shapiro, writing about "natuarl genetic engineering" (Evolution: A View From the 21st Century- he thinks it evolved) and it reads as if Dr Spetner were updating his thoughts using the latest data. All of the changes that Shapiro says are non-random, ie not accidents/ chance events, are what Spetner, not an evolutionist, talked about 15 years ago.
And what I predict is that someone, maybe Shapiro, will find that this "natural genetic engineering" is actually what Spetner described. Meaning most genetic changes are not random, but they are guided by the cell, by design-> actual real-live software, ie the vital ingredient.
Intelligent Design says that we are not reducible to matter and energy, nor did we just emerge once the right stuff came together. There is something else. And at least part of that something else is software.